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As Charming as the Golden Ring Route
short region information
7,7 million people
Kremlin, Arkhangelskoe Memorial Estate, Peter Tschaikovsky`s Estate, New Jerusalem, Alexander Pushkin Museum, Fyodor Dostoevsky`s Estate, Vladimir Lenin`s Estate
types of tourism
Versailles near Moscow
Equal to St. Petersburg with its Peterhof and Pavlovsk Palaces, Moscow is famous for its Arkhangelskoe Memorial Estate, the most frequented estate of the region. It is the palace and park complex of incredible beauty and unique atmosphere of olden times, situated about 25 km far from Moscow. Founded at the beginning of the 19th century, it was owned by Russia’s wealthiest aristocratic families, such as the Sheremetevs, the Golitsyns, and the Yusupovs. The construction and decoration of the estate are associated with the names of such architects as Gern, Trombara, Petondi, Gonzaga, Beauvais, Klein.
The estate with attractive lawns and well-maintained alleys combines the 3 magnificent parks: Italian with amazing sculptures, French with splendid galleries and lawns, and English with stunning landscapes. The main Palace is a perfect example of Classical architectural style. It is a majestic structure of harmonious proportions with a lot of tall windows and glazed doors filling the interiors with light. The interior decoration is characterized by the combination of geometric and plant elements, ancient ornaments and attributes, and Egyptian motifs. During the excursion, the tourists can also be impressed by the ‘colonnade’ of the Yusupovs’ family vault, St. Michael’s Church, and the Tea House, the treasures of Russian historical heritage.
The Town to Fall in Love with
Kolomna is one of the most amazing ancient towns of the Moscow Region, located about 100 km away from Moscow. Many impressed tourists consider Kolomna surprisingly underappreciated among other towns of the region. Its architecture, rich history, longstanding traditions, and warm welcome sink deeply into every soul.
Kolomna was founded in 1177, it is only 30 years younger than Moscow. The town is proud of its Kremlin, which was chosen in Top 10 Greatest Symbols of Russia in 2013, on an equal basis with Peterhof Palace, Trinity Sergius Lavra, and Baikal lake. The mighty Kremlin of Kolomna, built in the 16th century, is incredibly well preserved and can give you an unforgettable journey through time. It keeps a lot of legends and stories, which can touch any traveler. Moreover, the buildings and churches of the Kremlin compound are so beautiful and tidy, that look like theatrical scenery for the 19-century plays.
What Lenin Worried about
The famous estate, devoted to the Russian leader Vladimir Lenin, is called Leninskie Gorki and is located just 30 km away from Moscow. The Soviet leader worked and rested here for 6 years till his death in 1924. Lenin spent his last years in illness and depression, he realized the failure of his political concept of the development of the USSR, which was the main aim of his life. It was rather hard and unbearable for him. After his demise, the estate was turned into the Leninskie Gorki Museum-Reserve, in 1949 the Lenin House-Museum was opened, in 1994 the Museum “Office and Apartment of V.I. Lenin,” was moved here from the Moscow Kremlin.
During the excursion, you can get acquainted with the Soviet leader`s life and work, his original documents, and household items, which help you to understand better his controversial soul and political intentions. You will enjoy the incredibly beautiful view of the main courtyard of the estate, the large linden alley, and the round pond with grotto and amazing meadow. You will also learn the rich history of this land, which started in the 16th century.
Holy Land in Russia
Istra is a small quiet town, located just 40 kilometers away from Moscow on the banks of the Istra River. The history of Istra is closely connected with the chronicles of the New Jerusalem Monastery. It was at its walls that the future town was formed. In the 17th century Patriarch Nikon, a major religious figure in Russia, decided to build «Palestine near Moscow». Its location was chosen for its similarity to the Holy Land. Jordan was represented by the Istra River, the buildings symbolized the holy places of Jerusalem. The project was colossal, its construction was carried out by the best Russian craftsmen. Even after the Patriarch`s death, the convent remained unfinished, however, it was not abandoned but supported by the royal family’s princesses Tatyana and Sophia.
Nowadays the New Jerusalem is a grandiose Orthodox center with amazing turquoise-gold domes and snow-white walls, the highlight of Istra town. The monastery keeps a large library, one of its treasures. During the tour, you will visit the New Jerusalem Museum, learn the history of Russian art, visit the exhibition of ecclesiastical and secular art of the 16th – 20th centuries.
The Heart of Alexander Pushkin
Bolshiye Vyazyomy Estate
The Town of Defensive Line
Dmitrov is another beautiful town in the Moscow region that deserves visiting. It is located 65 km north of Moscow. The town was founded in 1154 (7 years later than Moscow) by Duke Yuri Dolgoruky on the site of an ancient Slavic settlement, where the big trade route to the Volga River was located. In the past, Dmitrov was a rather significant city in Russia and formed Moscow’s northern defensive border.
Nowadays the town is famous for its magnificent Kremlin, amazing landscapes, churches, and monasteries, many of them can amaze you with the antiquity of the 15th and 16th centuries. Its main landmarks are porcelain, textiles, and gingerbread. The most interesting sight in Dmitrov is the Museum of History and Arts, a major exhibition space, which includes the Historical Square, the Kremlin, and many churches and buildings, making it a great place to explore. You can also be impressed by the beauty of the Assumption Cathedral, the Boris and Gleb Monastery, Kazan Church, the red-brick Entry Church, and others. Dmitrov is very popular among both travelers and pilgrims. Coming here for a tour, they are delighted with the identity of the town and the special atmosphere of the past.
Zaraysk, called “a small town with a huge history”, is situated about 160 km from Moscow. The town was founded in 1146, 1 year earlier than Moscow. It is famous for the smallest (only 7 towers) fully preserved red-brick Kremlin in Russia, which was built in the 16th century to protect against the Tatar-Mongols` raids and was never captured throughout its history.
Nowadays tourists visit Zaraysk not only because of its historical monuments but also due to the estate of the greatest Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky, located nearby. Darovoe is an open-air museum, which keeps the memory of the writer`s childhood. The nature around the estate is fantastic: unique linden and birch groves, fields with flowering yellow mustard, and the air filled with the scent of sun-heated herbs and flowers. This place was described in many of Dostoevsky’s works, such as “Brothers Karamazov”, “Poor People”, “Small Hero”, etc. However, the dramatic events, happened with his father here, touched young Fyodor deeply, influenced his creative way, and made him avoid arriving at his family estate for a long time. During the excursion, you will visit the Dostoevsky’s house and dive into the atmosphere of the writer`s works.
An amazing town, Zvenigorod, is located 50 km away from Moscow. It became well-known in the 14th century when Duke Dmitry Donskoy`s son Yuri founded his residence here along the shore of the Moskva River. In the 19th century, the town was popular among the intellectuals as a trendy banlieue of Moscow. Nowadays the area around Zvenigorod is widely known as Russian Switzerland. There are no mountains here, but this peculiar hilly landscape resembles the undulating plateau of the Alpine valleys.
The most famous sight of Zvenigorod is its Kremlin, which keeps the unique well-preserved sample of the 14th-century architectural constructions, the Dormition Cathedral. The interior of the Cathedral is decorated with murals of the outstanding Russian painter Andrey Rublev.
Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery is another preeminent landmark of Zvenigorod, which is also famous among travelers for its tasty bread, pastries, and kvass. The highest point of the monastery square is occupied by the beautiful Nativity Cathedral with fascinating golden domes. On the opposite side, you can see the monastery belfry, a magnificent monumental structure. In old times there was a bell there that had very loud and melodious ringing of an extremely wide range. Unfortunately, the bell didn’t survive up to modern times, but it became the symbol of Zvenigorod, which name can be literally translated as “a ringing town”.
It was founded in 1317 and several centuries later it became rather attractive for Russian outstanding artists, writers, and scientists, who came here to draw inspiration from fascinating landscapes and quiet atmosphere. Among them were Dmitry Mendeleev, Ivan Shishkin, Arkhip Kuindzhi, Leo Tolstoy, and others.
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